Sharing & Access to Genetic Resources – Biodiversity

After 20 years of talks and negotiations, between governments, civil societies, United Nations officials, world scientific communities and environment experts, government participants of the Convention on Biodiversity in Nagoya, Japan, on 29 October 2010 agreed on the new treaty to share benefits of the world’s genetic resources. The ground-breaking agreement calls for a world-wide celebrations. A fair and equitable benefit sharing and access to genetic resources which is one of the objectives of theConvention on Biodiversity, can put a break to the lost of varieties of land and sea animal and plants species from our world. The treaty will also drive forward action to reverse the degradation and destruction of natural habitat.The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity Report estimated the costs to human welfare that result from the loss of biodiversity will jump from 1 per cent of global GDP per year to 7 per cent by 2050 unless urgent action are taken by all concerned. The agreement will increase the extent of land-based protected areas and national parks to 17 per cent of the Earth’s surface up from around 12.5 per cent. Marine protected areas will be extended to 10 per cent, up from under 1 per cent at this time. The treaty guarantees that sites of global diversity significance are identified, and research results are shared by all countries. Success in having an agreed treaty at the Nagoya Biodiversity Conference came about because of a lot of prior work that are done by many organizations and institutions namely: the Bird Life International, the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), UNEP, the May 2010 Fifth Global Ocean Conference held by UNESCO and its Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Conservation International, the United Nations, especially the leadership of the Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in making the world community aware of the importance of biodiversity and the ecosystem to the well-being of the global economy. It is promising to hear that the United Nations is considering the establishment of Inter-governmental Science Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.

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